What is an ESC and VESC and what is the difference between ESC and VESC.

Electric skateboards have become increasingly popular over the years, and one of the key components that make them run is the Electronic Speed Controller (ESC). However, with the growing demand for high-performance electric skateboards, a new and more advanced controller has been developed, known as the VESC. In this article, we'll delve into the world of electric skateboards and explore the difference between ESC and VESC.

What is an ESC for Electric Skateboards?

An Electronic Speed Controller (ESC) is an essential component of an electric skateboard. It's responsible for controlling the speed, acceleration, and braking of the skateboard. The ESC acts as a bridge between the battery, motor, and remote control, ensuring that the skateboard operates smoothly and efficiently.

The ESC works by receiving signals from the remote control and translating them into commands for the motor. The ESC then modulates the power supplied to the motor to achieve the desired speed, acceleration, or braking. The ESC also protects the motor and battery from damage by monitoring their temperature and current flow.

There are two main types of ESCs for electric skateboards - brushed and brushless. Brushed ESCs are typically less expensive, but they produce more heat and have a shorter lifespan than brushless ESCs. Brushless ESCs, on the other hand, are more expensive but are more efficient, produce less heat, and have a longer lifespan.

What is a VESC?

A VESC, or Vedder Electronic Speed Controller, is an advanced type of ESC designed specifically for electric skateboards. It was created by Benjamin Vedder, a Dutch electrical engineer, and has since become a popular choice among electric skateboard enthusiasts.

The VESC is an open-source controller, which means that anyone can access and modify its source code. This makes it a versatile and customizable controller that can be tweaked to suit individual preferences and requirements.

The VESC is a brushless ESC that uses Field-Oriented Control (FOC) to provide a smoother and more efficient ride. FOC is a technique that aligns the magnetic fields of the motor and ESC, resulting in less heat, noise, and vibration.

Another advantage of the VESC is its ability to handle higher voltages and currents than traditional ESCs. This makes it suitable for high-performance electric skateboards that require more power to achieve higher speeds and greater torque.

What is the Difference Between ESC and VESC?

The main difference between ESC and VESC lies in their design, features, and performance. Here are some of the key differences:

  1. Type of Motor Control

ESC uses traditional motor control techniques, while VESC uses Field-Oriented Control (FOC) for more precise and efficient motor control.

  1. Customizability

The VESC is an open-source controller, which means that it can be customized and modified to suit individual preferences and requirements. ESCs, on the other hand, are typically closed systems with limited customizability.

  1. Voltage and Current Handling

The VESC is capable of handling higher voltages and currents than traditional ESCs, making it suitable for high-performance electric skateboards.

  1. Price

The VESC is generally more expensive than traditional ESCs due to its advanced features and customizability.

  1. Smoothness and Efficiency

The VESC's FOC motor control results in a smoother and more efficient ride than traditional ESCs, which can produce more heat and noise.

Which one should you choose?

When it comes to choosing between ESC and VESC, it ultimately comes down to your preferences and requirements. If you're on a tight budget and don't need the advanced features and customizability of the VESC, then a traditional ESC may be a better option. However, if you're looking for a high-performance electric skateboard with precise motor control and customizable features, then 

the VESC may be the better choice.


In conclusion, the Electronic Speed Controller (ESC) and Vedder Electronic Speed Controller (VESC) are both essential components of an electric skateboard, with the main difference being their design, features, and performance. While the ESC is a reliable and cost-effective option, the VESC offers advanced features and customizability for those looking for high-performance and precise motor control.

Ultimately, the choice between the two controllers will depend on individual preferences and requirements, as well as the type of electric skateboard you want to build or ride. Regardless of which controller you choose, it's important to always prioritize safety and follow proper maintenance procedures to ensure a smooth and enjoyable riding experience.

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